Right from the outset and then during their time in transport, it is necessary to remember that fruit is a living entity that continues to respire even after harvesting. When they respire, carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O) and ethylene (C2H4) is produced. The elimination of ethylene during transport provides additional security to ensure arrival at destination in good condition.
Ethylene is a gaseous hormone generated by all vegetables. The hormone regulates the processes associated with the ripening and senescence of fruit and vegetable produce, thus its control is essential to regulate the ripening process of climacteric fruit, such as pome fruit.
The accumulation of said gas causes accelerated ripening and is therefore implicit in the loss of quality and a decrease in shelf life, which, in the case of pome fruit is usually manifest by loss of pulp firmness and the appearance and/or increase of scalding.
Ethylene removal is achieved through an absorbent that slows down ripening and also absorbs the volatile organic compounds responsible for odors.
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